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Tokai NISSAM-MECI (Oil & Gas Industry)

Tokai NISASS-MECI is the acronym for National Integrated Safety, Security and Management for Malaysia's Economic Critical Infrastructure. This is a national level security solutions specifically designed to protect the Oil & Gas industry from the threats of domestic and foreign terrorists that may otherwise cripple the installation resulting in significant economic loss. These critical facilities, which are intrinsically vulnerable to terrorist attack, comprise hundreds of one-off design elements, the loss of any one of which could bring operations to a sudden and costly halt.

Offshore installations are, in essence, hybrids of vessels and shore facilities. Though stationary, they are emplaced miles at sea away from shore-based support. Some are attached permanently to the ocean bottom and some are not. The capital investment for each installation can be enormous. The net revenues these facilities produce are equally impressive. Furthermore, one installation can handle production from as many as 24 subsea wells, which means vast quantities of crude oil are moved and controlled by a single facility. Although the motivation for attacks against energy production operations varies - it may be to make a political statement, to gain publicity, or simply destruction for its own sake - there is strong evidence that offshore platforms will eventually become a key target for international terrorist organizations.

Malaysia's Oil & Gas Industry Overview

  • Contributed more than 40% to government revenue (petroleum tax)
  • Constitutes about 20% of Malaysian Gross National Income (GNI)
  • NKEA targeting 5% annual growth in oil & gas industry; GNI expected to increase from RM100B in 2009 to RM241B in 2020
  • PETRONAS planned to increase production output from 800,000 Barrel per day (BPD) to 1,000,000 BPD

Security Challenges

Over the next 25 years, oil and natural gas will meet an ever increasing percentage of the world’s energy demand, and therefore, remain the prime source of energy for industrialized and developing countries alike. Since the oil & gas industry is a major component of every national critical infrastructure, the probability for an increased number of terror attacks on energy facilities, and a higher level of their sophistication, will undoubtedly increase. Typical threats to offshore operations involve hostile intruders using surface craft, diving gear or small submarines. Uninvited guests (such as fishermen), internal theft, and sabotage from contractors and employees pose additional security risks. These threats are amplified following storm evacuation until the platform is repaired and reoccupied. Petroleum development and exploration sites are frequently located in remote areas, characterized by poor transport connections and communication to the authorities and the associated security infrastructure.

The threats to oil & gas infrastructure if not properly addressed will have the potential to create chaos and disaster to the national oil and gas industry. Disruption to oil productions will lead to significant economic loss to the nation including human life and environment.

Potential Impact to the Economy

  • Disruption to oil & gas production will have big impact to our economy. Estimated potential loss = USD50M per day!
  • Oil spilt will cause pollution and potential disaster to nation
    • Environmental impact
    • Damage to natural resource and aquaculture
    • Loss in fishery and tourism revenue
    • High recovery costs

Integrated Solution

Tokai NISASS-MECs concept of safety and security is comprehensive and covers all threats to the safety and security of offshore platforms. Therefore, it is imperative that platform owners/operators implement a comprehensive security management system to enhance security planning, implementation and operations at sea-based facilities, and to reduce the load on security personnel by rapidly processing alarm information and presenting it to the operator in a concise manner. Ultimately, integrated security management solutions enable offshore operations to implement a layered security strategy connecting process control with physical security at the facility, creating visibility at the enterprise level, and elevating the line of sight necessary to meet new threat prevention and response requirements.

Key Enabling Technologies

Main Applications

  • Collision Risk Management (CRM)
  • Sub-sea Asset & Pipeline Protection
  • Security Threat, Alerts & Monitoring
  • Man Over Board (MOB) & Panic Alarm
  • Rescue & Incident Response Coordination
  • Logistic & Coordination Planning
  • Safety & Security Performance Monitoring

Communication, Hardware & Software

  • Radar Surveillance
  • Automatic Identification System (AIS) Receiver
  • Man Over Board (MOB) Sensors & Receiver
  • Transponder Tracking & Positioning and Receiver
  • Display System
  • Datacenter, Disaster Recovery Centre (DRC), Servers, Software, Security & Networking Equipment
  • Communication Hardware & Software

ERT Support Facilities

  • Seaborne Enforcement Mobile Forward Base – SEAMOB
  • Small Unmanned Aircraft System – SUAS

A Typical Tokai NISSAS-MECI Operation Diagram